Hymenoptera allergens: from venom to “venome”.

Hymenoptera allergens: from venom to "venome".

In Western Europe, Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) primarily pertains to venoms of the honeybee and the widespread yellow jacket. In distinction to different allergen sources, just a few main parts of Hymenoptera venoms had been characterised till lately.

Improved expression methods and proteomic detection methods have allowed the identification and characterization of a variety of further allergens.

The sector of HVA analysis has moved quickly from specializing in venom extract and single main allergens to a molecular understanding of your complete “venome” as a system of distinctive and attribute parts.

An growing variety of such parts has been recognized, characterised concerning perform, and assessed for allergenic potential.

Furthermore, superior expression methods for recombinant manufacturing of venom allergens permit selective modification of molecules and supply perception into several types of immunoglobulin E reactivities and sensitization patterns.

The obtained data contributes to an elevated diagnostic precision in HVA and will serve for monitoring, re-evaluation, and enchancment of present therapeutic methods.

Hymenoptera allergens: from venom to "venome".
Hymenoptera allergens: from venom to “venome”.

Basophil allergen threshold sensitivity: a helpful strategy to anti-IgE therapy efficacy analysis.

BACKGROUNDMonitoring of the allergen sensitivity of a affected person is most vital for optimum affected person care and a fundamental prerequisite for immunomodulating therapy.

The target of this examine was to analyze how basophil allergen sensitivity might be utilized within the monitoring of anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) therapy.METHODSBasophils from timothy grass pollen allergic sufferers have been, by move cytometry, analysed for allergen threshold sensitivity (CD-sens) by measuring CD63 up-regulation on CD203c-identified basophils.

The outcomes have been in contrast with maximal share CD63 up-regulation at one allergen dose (CD-max), pores and skin prick take a look at end-point allergen titration, (SPT-sens), nasal provocation titration assessments (nasal provocation titre) and serum IgE and IgE antibody concentrations.

RESULTSThere was a big correlation (r = 0.50, P = 0.01) between CD-sens and SPT-sens, CD-sens and the IgE antibody focus in share of ‘whole IgE’ (relative IgE antibody focus) (r = 0.72, P < 0.001) in addition to between CD-sens and nasal provocation titre (r = 0.54, P < 0.05) however, in distinction, CD-max didn’t correlate with any of the sensitization parameters, i.e. SPT-sens, nasal provocation titre, absolute and relative IgE antibody focus or CD-sens.

CD-sens might be used to observe omalizumab therapy efficacy whereas, based mostly on CD-max, 4 of seven symptom-free sufferers on omalizumab would have been labeled as having ongoing allergy.CONCLUSIONSCD-sens appears to be very helpful for the willpower of a affected person’s allergen sensitivity and must be evaluated for the measurement and monitoring of anti-IgE therapy efficacy.

CD-max, the traditional strategy to basophil allergen problem, which mirrors cell reactivity, provides incorrect data.

Advances in allergen-microarray technology for diagnosis and monitoring of allergy: the MeDALL allergen-chip.

Advances in allergen-microarray technology for diagnosis and monitoring of allergy: the MeDALL allergen-chip.

Allergy analysis primarily based on purified allergen molecules supplies detailed info concerning the person sensitization profile of allergic sufferers, permits monitoring of the event of allergic illness and of the impact of therapies on the immune response to particular person allergen molecules.

Allergen microarrays include a big number of allergen molecules and thus enable the simultaneous detection of allergic sufferers’ antibody reactivity profiles in the direction of every of the allergen molecules with solely minute quantities of serum.

On this article we summarize latest progress within the discipline of allergen microarray know-how and introduce the MeDALL allergen-chip which has been developed for the precise and delicate monitoring of IgE and IgG reactivity profiles in the direction of greater than 170 allergen molecules in sera collected in European delivery cohorts.

MeDALL is a European analysis program by which allergen microarray know-how is used for the monitoring of the event of allergic illness in childhood, to attract a geographic map of the popularity of clinically related allergens in numerous populations and to ascertain reactivity profiles that are related to and predict sure illness manifestations.

We describe technical advances of the MeDALL allergen-chip concerning specificity, sensitivity and its means to ship take a look at outcomes that are near in vivo reactivity.

As well as, the usefulness and quite a few benefits of allergen microarrays for allergy analysis, refined allergy analysis, monitoring of illness, of the results of therapies, for enhancing the prescription of particular immunotherapy and for prevention are mentioned.

Advances in allergen-microarray technology for diagnosis and monitoring of allergy: the MeDALL allergen-chip.
Advances in allergen-microarray know-how for analysis and monitoring of allergy: the MeDALL allergen-chip.

[A three year survey of the practical application of pollen monitoring in specific allergen immunotherapy].

Particular allergen immunotherapy must be modified in response to sensitivity of the affected person and the time interval between injections and seasonal allergen exposition. The purpose of the research was to examine the effectiveness of the multinomial logistic regression fashions predicting the pollen focus throughout the pollen season within the immunotherapy trial in sufferers handled with grass and birch allergens.

The research was carried out in Krakow in 2011-2013. Fashions have been validated for 2012 and 2013. The effectiveness of the whole appropriate predictions barely differed relying on the time sequence, in case of birch pollen the same share of appropriate predictions was present in each research yr, whereas in case of grass pollen, the predictions have been extra appropriate in 2012.

A gaggle of sufferers handled with grass and birch allergens crammed within the diary playing cards throughout the pollen season. After the 2011 season 14 diary playing cards have been analysed, whereas 18 and 19, in 2012 and 2013, respectively. Due to manifested signs, the injection dose was decreased throughout the season in 12 sufferers in 2011, in 9 sufferers in 2012 and in 6 sufferers in 2013.

No visits have been delayed due to medical indications. In some circumstances sufferers received the injection in time of the excessive pollen prevalence (2 circumstances, in 2011 and 2012).

In 2013 in 10/17 sufferers the excessive pollen publicity was prevented thanks the knowledge from pollen monitoring, in reverse to 1 and eight sufferers in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Sufferers used antihistaminic medicine on request.

The regional pollen monitoring knowledge and glad co-operation with sufferers makes the opportunity of nearer management of the injection doses administration throughout immunotherapy within the pollen season.

Monitoring Allergen Immunotherapy Effects by Microarray.

Monitoring Allergen Immunotherapy Effects by Microarray.

Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the one therapy of IgE-mediated allergy symptoms to this point that has a sustained impact on scientific signs and might modify the course of the illness. It’s an allergen-specific therapy and due to this fact requires the right identification of the disease-causing allergens.

Moreover, AIT is a time-consuming therapy for which the efficacy depends on a number of components. Due to this fact, diagnostic exams and biomarkers are wanted that facilitate (1) number of the right allergens based on the affected person’s particular person sensitization profile and (2) to watch the consequences of AIT.

This could present help for the choice to proceed, modify, or discontinue vaccination. One vital mechanism of motion of AIT is the induction of allergen-specific antibodies that compete with IgE for the binding to allergen molecules, therefore known as blocking antibodies.

It was proven in a number of research that the induction of blocking antibodies by AIT, and their specificity will be measured by allergen microarrays. Inhibition of allergen-specific IgE binding by blocking antibodies can be decided by microarrays and is related to adjustments in scientific parameters or different in vivo and in vitro assays demonstrating efficacy of AIT.

Moreover, allergen microarrays enable dedication of IgE sensitizations in direction of a complete set of allergen molecules and due to this fact are effectively suited to figuring out the disease-causing allergens for proper prescription of AIT.

Thus, diagnostic exams based mostly on microarrayed allergens will be helpful in figuring out the right prescription of AIT and can be utilized to watch efficacy of AIT.

Monitoring Allergen Immunotherapy Effects by Microarray.
Monitoring Allergen Immunotherapy Effects by Microarray.

The impact of thermal processing on the behaviour of peanut allergen peptide targets utilized in a number of response monitoring mass spectrometry experiments.

Mass spectrometry-based strategies provide an alternate technique of figuring out allergens in meals. While focused strategies are prone to provide probably the most sturdy method for detection and quantification, little is understood about how meals processing might have an effect on the behaviour of peptide targets.

A scientific examine has been undertaken to research the consequences of thermal processing (boiling, roasting, frying) on the behaviour of a set of peanut peptide targets representing the key clinically-relevant allergens.

Initially the impact of thermal processing on protein extractability was investigated and a mass spectrometry-compatible buffer recognized comprising 50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.Eight containing 50 mM dithiothreitol and 0.04% (w/v) acid labile detergent which was capable of extract 45-100% of protein from uncooked, boiled, roasted and fried peanuts utilizing sonication at 60 °C.

Eight peptide targets have been recognized together with two peptides from every cupin allergen, Ara h1 and Ara h3 and 4 peptides from the prolamin superfamily allergens Ara h2, 6 and seven.

AQUA peptide requirements have been synthesised and used to undertake multiple-reaction monitoring experiments, giving assay sensitivities of 0.1-30 amoles of peptide on-column (3 : 1 sign : noise), calculated limits of quantification between 96-1343 amoles of peptide on-column and a linear dynamic vary of 4-5 orders of magnitude.

Absolute quantification of particular person peanut allergens in thermally processed samples confirmed that peptide targets within the cupin allergens have been extra susceptible to processing-induced results than these from Ara h2, 6 and seven. Targets flanked by arginine residues confirmed higher thermostability.

Identification of processing-stable targets, coupled with extra environment friendly extraction procedures and a large dynamic vary, exhibits that focused mass spectrometry strategies have nice potential as a further methodology for quantifying peanut allergens in complicated meals matrices.

The research questions and methodological adequacy of clinical studies of the voice and larynx published in Brazilian and international journals.

Lab Suppliers

OBJECTIVETo consider the methodological adequacy of voice and laryngeal research designs revealed in speech-language pathology and otorhinolaryngologyjournals listed for the ISI Net of Information (ISI Net) and the MEDLINE database.METHODSA cross-sectional research carried out on the Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Federal College of São Paulo).

Two Brazilian speech-language pathology

and otorhinolaryngologyjournals (Pró-Fono and Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia) and two worldwide speech-language pathology and otorhinolaryngologyjournals (Journal of Voice, Laryngoscope), all dated between 2000 and 2004, had been hand-searched by specialists. Subsequently, voice and larynx publications had been separated, and a speech-language pathologist and otorhinolaryngologist labeled 374 articles from the 4 journals in accordance with goal and research design.

The research questions and methodological adequacy of clinical studies of the voice and larynx published in Brazilian and international journals.
The analysis questions and methodological adequacy of medical research of the voice and larynx revealed in Brazilian and worldwide journals.

RESULTSThe predominant goal contained within the articles was that of main diagnostic analysis (27%), and essentially the most frequent research design was case sequence (33.7%). A mere 7.8% of the research had been designed adequately with respect to the acknowledged goals. There was no statistical distinction within the methodological high quality of research listed for the ISI Net and the MEDLINE database.

CONCLUSIONSThe research revealed in each nationwide journals, listed for the MEDLINE database, and worldwide journals, listed for the ISI Net, exhibit weak methodology, with analysis poorly designed to satisfy the proposed goals. There may be a lot scientific work to be performed with the intention to lower uncertainty within the subject analysed.

Regularities of medical software of hand acupuncture remedy to therapy of assorted ailments primarily based on information mining

To discover the regularities of medical software of hand acupuncture remedy to the therapy of ailments of various departments through the use of information mining method, in order to supply a reference for medical follow.

We searched papers, educational dissertations and case stories (revealed in journals from Jan 1, 1953 to December 31, 2017) from databases of China Nationwide Information Web (CNKI), VIP, and Wanfang, and likewise searched papers from medical books about hand acupuncture therapy of various ailments/sickness through the use of key phrases of “hand acupuncture” and “hand acupoints”, adopted by developing a database after sorting, screening, recording, extracting, and statistical evaluation through the use of a pc.

Then, the info mining was carried out for summarizing the traits and guidelines of the hand acupuncture remedy in medical software.The hand acupuncture remedy in Chinese language medical journals was discovered to be utilized to varied medical departments, with the frequency from excessive to low successively being 16 kinds of ailments (37.21%) within the surgical procedure, 15 ailments (34.88%) within the inner medication, 2 ailments (4.65%) within the pediatrics, Eight ailments (18.60%) within the ophthalmology-otorhinolaryngology, 1 illness (2.33%) within the genecology and 1 illness (2.33%) within the dermatology.

Within the therapy of ailments, the treatment plus markedly efficient fee of hand acupuncture was discovered to be highest for ailments of the pediatrics (90.65%), and was 88.45% surgical procedure, 78.06% inner medication, 89.96% ophthalmology-otorhinolaryngology, 60.61% gynecology, and 67.73% dermatology, respectively. When hand acupuncture used, the acupoints of the hand area on either side, wholesome aspect and affected aspect had been usually chosen, and motion train was usually utilized in mixture, notably for issues of the surgical procedure.

collected medical data and 6 acupuncture books

Within the collected medical data and 6 acupuncture books, the hand acupuncture was employed for therapy of 34 and 123 sorts of ailments or issues, respectively, with the tissue damage, lumbocrural ache being most steadily seen within the data, and belly ache, lumbocrural, chest obstruction, and many others. most steadily seen within the acupuncture books.Hand acupuncture remedy is broadly used within the therapy of many medical issues of various departments, reminiscent of tissue damage, leg ache, and many others. of the surgical procedure; belly ache, bronchial asthma, and many others.

of the interior medication; childish enuresis, diarrhea, and many others. of the pediatrics. Acupoints of the hand on the unilateral aspect are steadily employed and will have a greater therapeutic impact.

Publication rates of otolaryngology theses from Turkey in peer-reviewed journals

Publication rates of otolaryngology theses from Turkey in peer-reviewed journals

OBJECTIVEThis examine goals to look at the publication or presentation charges of theses in scientific journals and scientific conferences within the subject of otorhinolaryngology in Turkey.METHODSWe randomly surveyed 2,705 specialists within the subject of otorhinolaryngology in Turkey as of April 2014.

Of those, 245 have been utilized a questionnaire on the continuation of their educational training, {qualifications} of the establishments the place they have been graduated from and labored and the standing of their theses when it comes to whether or not their theses have been transformed right into a scientific article or presentation.RESULTSOverall, 47.8% of the members have been nonetheless persevering with their educational training, whereas 52.2% weren’t.

 

Publication rates of otolaryngology theses from Turkey in peer-reviewed journals
Publication charges of otolaryngology theses from Turkey in peer-reviewed journals

The speed of the presentation of the theses at a nationwide assembly was 58.4% and at a global assembly was 10.6%. The charges of publication in a nationwide and worldwide journal have been 26.1% and 36.3%, respectively.CONCLUSIONSAs the bodily and financial alternatives for experimental researches have elevated, college students have been inspired to conduct researches and supportive options for the publication of theses have been created.

In 1864, Anton von Tröltsch in Würzburg, Hermann Schwartze in Halle/Saale, and Adam Politzer in Vienna based the Archiv für Ohrenheilkunde (Archive of Otology), the ancestor of the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck. It was the world’s first journal solely dedicated to otology, and thus to otorhinolaryngology.

Publication charges of shows which have been introduced at Turkish Nationwide Rhinology Congresses

The intention of this examine was to analyse the construction of this journal and its contents through the first 50 years of its publication, till it definitively grew to become an otorhinolaryngological journal in 1915. A complete of two,271 articles have been registered throughout this time.

This examine goals to find out the publication charges of oral shows and posters introduced at Turkish Nationwide Rhinology Congresses within the medical journals and to make a comparability with associated literature

information.METHODSThe title and surname of the primary authors and the title of presentation introduced at 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 have been searched utilizing PubMed, Turkmedline and Ulakbim nationwide serps.RESULTSOf the 218 papers introduced, 61 (28%) have been revealed. The imply time from presentation at congress to publication was 21.Eight months.

The imply time to publication for oral shows was 23.2 months, whereas it was 20.Eight months for poster shows. The publication charges of oral and poster shows have been 35.8% and 24.5%, respectively, indicating no statistically important distinction between two teams (p=0.08).

The publication charge of analysis articles was statistically considerably greater than that of case experiences (20.7% vs. 33.3%; p=0.04).CONCLUSIONSThe publication charge of shows introduced at 4 Turkish Nationwide Rhinology Congresses is decrease in comparison with the beforehand reported publication charges in otorhinolaryngology.

Giving wider publicity to analysis shows and being extra selective for case experiences will present inclusion of extra certified papers with excessive chance of publication and likewise improve the scientific worth of such congresses.

They have been categorized based on content material matter, article sort, and the variety of figures and graphs that they contained. Nearly three-quarters of the articles have been associated to purely otological matters, as implied by the journal‘s title. Till the flip of the 20 th century, nearly all of the articles have been unique papers or case experiences. The variety of unique papers declined over the many years in favour of case experiences.

One-third of every quantity often consisted of an enormous number of objects, similar to congress bulletins, convention proceedings, and guide evaluations. The journal additionally maintained all kinds of scientific and present social and political topics. Otological evaluations and convention proceedings have been key landmarks of the journal. All of those numerous papers offered an outline of the historic organisation and growth of otology between 1864 and 1914. At the moment, the Archiv für Ohrenheilkunde was a number one nationwide and internationwide journal.

Citation Analysis of Turkish Otorhinolaryngology Publications and Comparison with Five Countries.

Citation Analysis of Turkish Otorhinolaryngology Publications and Comparison with Five Countries.

To discover the regularities of medical utility of hand acupuncture remedy to the remedy of ailments of various departments by utilizing information mining method, in order to offer a reference for medical follow.We searched papers, educational dissertations and case studies (revealed in journals from Jan 1, 1953 to December 31, 2017) from databases of China Nationwide Data Web (CNKI), VIP, and Wanfang, and likewise searched papers from medical books about hand acupuncture remedy of various ailments/sickness by utilizing key phrases of “hand acupuncture” and “hand acupoints”, adopted by establishing a database after sorting, screening, recording, extracting, and statistical evaluation by utilizing a pc.

Citation Analysis of Turkish Otorhinolaryngology Publications and Comparison with Five Countries.
Quotation Evaluation of Turkish Otorhinolaryngology Publications and Comparability with 5 Nations.

Then, the info mining was carried out for summarizing the traits and guidelines of the hand acupuncture remedy in medical utility.

The hand acupuncture remedy in Chinese language medical journals was discovered to be utilized to numerous medical departments, with the frequency from excessive to low successively being 16 kinds of ailments (37.21%) within the surgical procedure, 15 ailments (34.88%) within the inner medication, 2 ailments (4.65%) within the pediatrics, eight ailments (18.60%) within the ophthalmology-otorhinolaryngology, 1 illness (2.33%) within the genecology and 1 illness (2.33%) within the dermatology. Within the remedy of ailments, the treatment plus markedly efficient charge of hand acupuncture was discovered to be highest for ailments of the pediatrics (90.65%), and was 88.45% surgical procedure, 78.06% inner medication, 89.96% ophthalmology-otorhinolaryngology, 60.61% gynecology, and 67.73% dermatology, respectively.

When hand acupuncture used, the acupoints of the hand area on either side, wholesome facet and affected facet have been usually chosen, and motion train was usually utilized in mixture, significantly for issues of the surgical procedure. Within the collected medical data and 6 acupuncture books, the hand acupuncture was employed for remedy of 34 and 123 sorts of ailments or issues, respectively, with the tissue damage, lumbocrural ache being most ceaselessly seen within the data, and belly ache, lumbocrural, chest obstruction, and many others.

most ceaselessly seen within the acupuncture books.Hand acupuncture remedy is extensively used within the remedy of many medical issues of various departments, comparable to tissue damage, leg ache, and many others. of the surgical procedure; belly ache, bronchial asthma, and many others. of the interior medication; childish enuresis, diarrhea, and many others. of the pediatrics. Acupoints of the hand on the unilateral facet are ceaselessly employed and will have a greater therapeutic impact.

Quotation Evaluation of Turkish Otorhinolaryngology Publications and Comparability with 5 Nations

UNASSIGNEDIn this cross-sectional examine, it was aimed to analyse quantitatively citations of articles written by Turkish authors within the publications of Turkish otorhinolaryngologists. For comparability, the identical investigation was carried out for publications from 5 nations from totally different areas of the world.UNASSIGNEDReferences of publications belonging to the 2015 points of 4 chosen Turkey-

primarily based Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) journals have been reviewed. The quantity and properties of references of articles revealed by Turkish authors in ORL journals belonging to the Science Quotation Index (SCI) have been investigated. Lastly, the same investigation was carried out for ORL journals revealed within the 5 chosen nations.UNASSIGNEDIn the 2015 problems with the ORL Discussion board Digital Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgical procedure, The Turkish Journal of Ear Nostril and Throat, Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgical procedure, and the Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology; the variety of references was 2708 and the variety of references wherein the primary writer was Turkish was 460; 149 of those have been from Turkish journals.

Throughout the identical interval, 85 publications wherein the primary writer was Turkish have been discovered within the ORL journals belonging to SCI. In these publications, 271 of 2252 references belonged to Turkish authors and 18 of them have been included in Turkey-based journals.

When the references of articles revealed in 5 ORL journals of the Nationwide ORL Societies in Brazil, India, Iran, Italy, and Japan have been investigated, probably the most nationwide citations have been noticed in publications in Brazil, Italy, and Japan.UNASSIGNEDIn this cross-sectional examine, citations from Turkey and different nations of the world have been quantitatively evaluated in publications made by Turkish authors within the Turkey-based and SCI ORL journals.

To our data, our examine is the primary that’s primarily based on this topic. Growing the variety of related research may present essential contributions to Turkish ORL publishing.

UNASSIGNEDThis examine aimed to research the articles relating to rhinology revealed in nationalotorhinolaryngologyjournals between 2010 and 2015 in accordance with the manuscript sort, headline, quotation metropolis, and establishment, as a reference for research that might be designed sooner or later.UNASSIGNEDArticles revealed on rhinology between 2010 and 2015 in nationalotorhinolaryngologyjournals have been searched via web sites of journals.

The names of the journals, topics of the manuscripts, manuscript sort, quotation metropolis and establishment, and manuscript language have been recorded.UNASSIGNEDIn this examine, 890 articles have been reviewed in 6 nationalotorhinolaryngologyjournals. Of those, 274 have been relating to rhinology and 129 (47%) and 117 (42.7%) have been unique articles and case studies, respectively. Of the 274 articles, 21 (7.7%) and 5 (1.9%) have been evaluate and animal research, respectively, and a couple of (0.7%) articles outlined surgical method. Most ceaselessly studied matters have been benign tumors and inflammatory ailments of the paranasal sinuses.UNASSIGNEDThe ratio of case studies was comparatively excessive in nationwide rhinology publications.

In future, scent and style issues, cranium base surgical procedure, and nasal physiology-related to Rhinology could also be progressive analysis areas.

Protia Allergy detection instrument

What is Unique about the Protia Q station Elite?

The Protia Q station Elite is the best Allergy testing instrument having the highest volume of samples, fastest results and lowest price per test.

What is Immune-Check?

Its a technique loading two control lines in a strip using different action mechanisms (sandwich methods and competition method)

We guarantee correct quantitation, regardless of hooking effect

Allergy rapid test, especially those requiring wide rang of Allergens (up to 106 range)

Articles

Editorial article


1. Allergic rhinitis
Vishwambhar Singh , Sujeet Kumar -Ranchi (Jharkhand)

Case Study


2. Tubercular affections in ENT: A second look –
Santosh U.P., Rayakar Vinayak V. – Davangere (Karnataka)
3. Drainage function of eustachian tube in suppurative otitis media
Raghavendra Reddy R., Ashok Murthy V., Pragadeeswaran K. – Kuppam (A.P.)
4. Allergic rhinitis and its effect on middle ear pressure
Ashok Murthy V.,Meghna P.-Kuppam (A.P.)
5. Endoscopic assisted adenoidectomy versus conventional curettage adenoidectomy – a comparative study
Prakash N.S,Mallikarjunappa A.M., Habie Thomas Samuel-Davangere
(Karnataka)
6. Effect of smoking on lipid profile
R.S.Trivedi,A.K.Anand- Jamnagar (Gujarat)
7. Is endoscopic septoplasty really superior than conventional septoplasty?
Manjunath Rao SV- Chitradurga (Karnataka)
8. Benign vocal cord lesions
Nikhil Gupta, D.Gurnani, N.Patel, T.Patel, P. Sharma, S. Jindal, A.Pandey,
N.Modi, D.A. Barot, H. Maniyar, V. Sinha-Jamnagar (Gujarat)
9. Solitary thyroid nodule: cyto-pathology and surgical outcome
Gracebudhiraja, R.G.Aiyer, Sourabhakumarpatro,
Anil Kumar Dash-Chandigarh,Baroda
10. Comparison between lateral partial turbinectomy and conchoplasty for concha bullosa
Singhania Ankit, Chauhan Nirali, Akkara Ajay George -Vadodara (Gujarat)

Case Report


11. Arteriovenous malformation at pre-auricular region
Aniketh Pandurangi, K.Mallikarjun Swamy, K.P.Basavaraju-Davangere
(Karnataka)
12. Lateral aberrant thyroid “Revisited”
Sneha Budhwani, Y.Dabholkar, H.Velankar, S.Bhalekar, A.G.Pusalkar –
Mumbai (Maharashtra)
13. Unusually large styloid producing neck swelling.
Rohit Saxena , Ajay Lavania, Vikas Sikarwar – Greater Noida (U.P.)
14. lymphangiomatous tonsillar polyp
Ajeet Khilnani, Rekha Thaddanee, Jawahar R. Talsania- Patan (Gujarat)